What is the hottest thing achieved on Earth?
Laser experiments shedding light on ultradense plasma. By zapping a piece of aluminum with the world's most powerful x-ray laser, physicists have heated matter to 3.6 million degrees Fahrenheit (2 million degrees Celsius)—making it briefly the hottest thing on Earth.
It could be fatal. It is commonly held that the maximum temperature at which humans can survive is 108.14-degree Fahrenheit or 42.3-degree Celsius. A higher temperature may denature proteins and cause irreparable damage to brain.
The average body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. At an internal temperature of 95 degrees, humans can experience hypothermia, shivering and pale skin. At 86 degrees, they become unconscious and, at 77 degrees, cardiac arrest can occur. Most people cannot survive if their core temperature drops to 75 degrees.
Geographical location, elevation and humidity are factors that determine where the hottest temperatures are most likely. The temperature can reach 100 degrees in parts of the Northeast and Great Lakes regions, but not very often.
For this wonder, we've found an answer in BBC Science Focus magazine: Black holes are freezing cold on the inside, but incredibly hot just outside. The internal temperature of a black hole with the mass of our Sun is around one-millionth of a degree above absolute zero.
A bolt of lightning is 5 times hotter than the surface of the sun. One thing hotter is when gold atoms are smashed together by the Large Hadron Collider, but only for a split second. Another thing hotter is a supernova.
Orange flames range from around 1100°C to 1200°C. White flames are hotter, measuring 1300°C to about 1500°C. The brighter the white, the higher the temperature. For blue flames, or flames with a blue base, you can expect the temperature to rise dramatically, hitting roughly 2500°C to 3000°C.
People often point to a study published in 2010 that estimated that a wet-bulb temperature of 35 C – equal to 95 F at 100% humidity, or 115 F at 50% humidity – would be the upper limit of safety, beyond which the human body can no longer cool itself by evaporating sweat from the surface of the body to maintain a stable ...
Death Valley is no stranger to heat. Sitting 282 feet below sea level in the Mojave Desert in southeastern California near the Nevada border, it is the lowest, driest and hottest location in the United States. It is sparsely populated, with just 576 residents, according to the most recent census.
J Biomech Eng.
What is too cold for humans?
At 91 F (33 C), you can experience amnesia. At 82 F (28 C) you can lose consciousness. Below 70 F (21 C), you are said to have profound hypothermia and death can occur, Sawka said.
Death Valley holds the record for the highest air temperature on the planet: On 10 July 1913, temperatures at the aptly named Furnace Creek area in the California desert reached a blistering 56.7°C (134.1°F). Average summer temperatures, meanwhile, often rise above 45°C (113°F).
The reason for this is that the average person can touch a 140°F surface for up to five seconds without sustaining irreversible burn damage. ASTM C1055 determined that five seconds is the most probable contact time in an industrial setting.
- Death Valley, America 56° C. ...
- Al-Aziziyah, Libya 57.8° C. ...
- Cave of the Crystals, Mexico 58° C. ...
- Flaming Mountains, Xinjiang, China 66.8° C. ...
- Queensland, Australia 69.3° C. ...
- Dasht-e-Lut, Iran 70.7° C. ...
- Bandar-e Mahshahr, Iran 74° C.
Scientists now consider it unlikely the universe has an end – a region where the galaxies stop or where there would be a barrier of some kind marking the end of space. But nobody knows for sure.
Time does stop at the event horizon of a black hole, but only as seen by someone outside the black hole. This is because any physical signal will get infinitely redshifted at the event horizon, thus never reaching the outside observer. Someone falling into a black hole, however, would not see time stop.
The coldest place in the Universe is the Boomerang Nebula, a glowing cosmic cloud located 5,000 lightyears away in the constellation Centaurus. The nebula's title as the coldest place in the Universe is a result of a 1995 study by astronomers Raghvendra Sahai and Lars-Åke Nyman.
Red lightning, also known as a "sprite", is an intriguing weather phenomenon associated with certain very intense thunderstorms. While an ordinary lightning flash extends downward from the clouds to the ground, a sprite shoots way up into the upper reaches of the atmosphere.
Although green lightning seems unusual, Few now suspects it occurs during all thunderstorms but is concealed inside clouds. The concealment results from the structure of storm clouds. On the inside, the clouds contain ice crystals that are either positively or negatively charged.
How hot is purple lightning?
Purple lightning is often seen during thunderstorms and it's one of the more moderate forms of lightning with temperatures reaching up to 55,000 degrees Fahrenheit!
The sun is much hotter than lava. Surface temparature of the sun is 10,000 degrees F, while Lava averages only 2000 degrees F.
Lava is indeed very hot, reaching temperatures of 2,200° F or more. But even lava can't hold a candle to the sun! At its surface (called the "photosphere"), the sun's temperature is a whopping 10,000° F! That's about five times hotter than the hottest lava on Earth.
And the answer: lightning. According to NASA, lightning is four times hotter than the surface of the sun. The air around a stroke of lightning can peak at 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit, while the surface of the sun is around 11,000 degrees. Meanwhile, magma can reach temperatures near 2,100 degrees.
Now we know from experiments at RHIC and at the Large Hadron Collider that at these extreme temperatures nature serves up hot quark soup --- the hottest liquid in the universe and the liquid that flows with the least dissipation.